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Fall rye production by Alberta. Field Crops Branch

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Published by Alberta Agriculture, Field Crops Branch in Lacombe, Alta .
Written in English


  • Rye

Book details:

Edition Notes

Title from cover.

The Physical Object
Pagination12 p. :
Number of Pages12
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL25907391M

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Fall rye can be used as an excellent emergency forage crop, by seeding after early-fall harvested crops and making haylage, or by grazing in the spring. Because it is typically harvested in southern Ontario in mid-May, there are opportunities to include it in "double crop" systems to fill the gap in years when forage supplies are short. Rye straw can often be sold at a premium for bedding or to fruit and vegetable producers who prefer rye straw as mulch. The price of rye will fluctuate during the year and growers need to market at peak prices for maximum profit. Most local grain elevators will purchase rye. VIII. Information Sources: Winter Rye Production. Rye (Secale cereale) is a grass grown extensively as a grain, a cover crop and a forage crop. It is a member of the wheat tribe and is closely related to barley (genus Hordeum) and wheat (Triticum). Rye grain is used for flour, bread, beer, crispbread, some whiskeys, some vodkas, and animal can also be eaten whole, either as boiled rye berries or by being rolled, similar to rolled : Poaceae. D.A.T. Southgate, in Encyclopedia of Food Sciences and Nutrition (Second Edition), Bread Production. Wheat and, to a lesser extent, rye and barley proteins contain gluten, which, as the dough is kneaded (or developed mechanically) forms a network within the dough that traps the carbon dioxide produced by fermentation of the carbohydrates in the flour by the yeast.

Planting fall grain rye and harvesting the crop as forage the following spring can increase forage yield per acre and reduce forage production costs. Double cropping fall grain rye following soybean or early corn silage harvest is a viable agronomic practice in most regions in Wisconsin. Cereal rye is often planted in the fall for soil erosion control (Oelke et al., ). As a cover crop, cereal rye can scavenge nitrogen, build soil, loosen topsoil (reduce compaction), prevent erosion, and suppress weeds. It can also be used as a livestock forage between cash crops. Cereal rye absorbs unused soil nitrogen(N) remaining. Rye previously was grouped with wheat in fertility recommendations, but rye has unique nutrient requirements that separate it from other grains. Nitrogen requirements are not as high, even though yield may be comparable to wheat. Because economic return for rye is not as high as for wheat, other nutrient recommendations are more modest. A significant amount of rye is grown organically, so. Rye Fertilizer Recommendations Although the number of acres planted to this crop is not large, it remains a major component of some farm enterprises in Minnesota. This is a favorite crop used in rotation for those who farm sandy soils that are not irrigated.

Fall rye production in Alberta avera acres between - Yield in this same period averaged 44 bu/ac. This total does not include the acreage of fall rye used for grazing, greenfeed and silage, which would triple the acreage seeded and are the major uses of this crop. Fall rye can tolerate acid soils better than wheat.   Fall-seeded rye (Secale cereale) is known to suppress weeds through physical and allelopathic study examined the effects of fall rye cover crops on weed and dry bean (Phaseolus vulgaris) productivity over four site–years in addition to rye, we tested early versus late spring rye termination times as well as herbicide use in a factorial experiment with four . Forage Production Rye, planted in the fall, can produce substantial dry matter (DM) yield the following spring, often without undue planting delay for the following crop. Rye harvested at boot stage typically produces DM yield in the 2 to 3 ton per acre range at quality levels acceptable for many animal production groups (Table 1). Winter rye planting season is near, along with choosing a variety and securing seed to plant. Variety choice is somewhat limited with winter rye although more varieties are becoming available as the acreage has been increasing with this crop over the past few growing seasons.